PhATS PILLARS

ACHIEVING TOTAL SANITATION: Septage Management

Septage management introduces the safe management of solid and liquid wastes, water quality monitoring systems and promoting water supply protection, sanitary surveys and safe water storage and handling.

The strategy begins with the most progressive barangays and municipalities with demonstrated sustainable sanitation practices. The intent is to develop and refine simple and appropriate technologies and systems with low maintenance in typhoon-affected areas.

As sanitation and hygiene services improve, barangays will have access to basic water safety planning and public health monitoring to detect disease-causing supply problems. Point of use water quality testing and response protocols will be developed with advocacy to Local Government Units (LGUs) for budget allocations and sustainable service resources.

Construction of low-cost drainage, solid waste and wastewater disposal facilities will promote cost-effective waste management and encourage LGUs to obtain G3 Total Sanitation Barangay status. Faecal Sludge Management (FSM) systems should be introduced where septic tanks are preferred or required. Systems will be appropriate for rural contexts with low maintenance and simple technologies, correcting previous unstainable FSM interventions in the Philippines.

Sustainability monitoring systems will be introduced during the G2 graduation process to track toilet pit and septic tank problems:

  • Are pits emptied or replaced?
  • Are septic tanks regularly desludged?
  • Are local water bodies or open spaces contaminated by toilet pits or septic tanks?
  • Is waste removal transported, treated or disposed safely?


  • Information sharing of sustainability problems is critical for local governments and sanitation stakeholders to finance, develop and implement appropriate solutions to public health hazards from unsafe sanitation and waste management systems.




    Click below for PhATS Septage Management information including best practices:

    Click below for more resources on Septage Management in the Philippines and around the world: