ENABLING ENVIRONMENT: Good Governance
The United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) defines governance as “the exercise of political, economic and administrative authority to manage a nation’s affairs at all levels. It comprises the mechanisms, processes and institutions through which citizens and groups articulate their interests, exercise their legal rights, meet their obligations and mediate their differences”.
Effective governance is the middle ground where the government and community engages in constant, constructive partnerships to determine quality of life. Community life should include enforcement of developed policies and resource management.
The Department of Interior and Local Government (DILG) builds WaSH governance. Without locally mandated departments responsible for WaSH efforts, the DILG developed two documents, Karapatan at Kaalaman sa Katubigan, to discuss concepts, challenges and operations of Human Rights-Based Local WatSan Governance.
Linked to funding streams, the program:
- Develops WaSH governance structures through Local Government Units (LGUs)
- Plans WaSH systems
- Builds accountable and transparent WaSH service providers
- Allows extensive community involvement for accountability and transparency of duty bearers to ensure WaSH services as human rights
The key to sustainable governance is an institutional process and outputs. Specific mechanisms are necessary to build resiliency and improve equity, including monitoring and evaluation of subsidy targeting. Benchmark evaluations in barangays and municipalities highlight performance and achievements through local resources, capacity and programs, while identifying problem areas.
Governance also supports demand and supply. The community demands quality governance which can stimulate and support demand, while providing accountable and equitable supply. Quality governance leads to increased investment and encourages cohesion among governance structures in the Philippines, through the DILG and DOH supporting LGUs.